Upper respiratory infections usually appear during the autumn and winter season, starting from September to April. During this period, both adults and children stay indoors and warm. Dry and unfiltered air makes the respiratory tract mucosa more susceptible to viral infections. However, this does not mean that they cannot appear during other seasons of the year. What are the symptoms? The most common symptoms of upper respiratory infections are: runny nose, nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, coughing, itching or scratching of the throat, sore throat, pain when chewing, feeling weak, headache, difficulty breathing . Also, as part of the symptoms, there may be the appearance of muscle pain, slight increase in body temperature, nausea and loss of appetite.

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These symptoms usually last 3-14 days, but if complications occur, these symptoms can last even longer. Are the symptoms of upper respiratory infections transmitted? These infections are contagious, they appear by inhaling small droplets of air that are contaminated by microorganisms. These microorganisms are released by the infected Bosnia and Herzegovina WhatsApp Number List person through sneezing and coughing. Transmission of the infection can also be done through objects located in the uncleaned environment around the infected person. These objects or equipment can be contaminated by touching contaminated hands, which have been contaminated by touching the nose or mouth of an infected person. In this way, small atory infections appear in collective environments such as kindergartens and schools.

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What causes these infections? In most cases, these infections appear as a result of self-healing of viruses that are caused by a wide range of viruses: rhinoviruses, influenza viruses, adenoviruses and many others. Bacteria (streptococcus, hemophilus, staphylococcus) are rarely the cause of this. How can the correct diagnosis be found? The diagnosis should always be based on the performance of detailed control, laboratory tests and microbiological UK WhatsApp Number List analysis of respiratory tract swabs. It is essential to determine or emphasize the patient’s airway secretion. Viral infections cause numerous liquid and colorless (transparent) secretions, while thick yellow-green secretions indicate a bacterial infection. Positive findings of microbiological controls are evidence of bacterial infections.

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